Modernization of agriculture


Precision/Smart Agriculture

Precision Agriculture, Smart Farming, Digital Farming

Nepal is an agricultural country and most of the household's economic, social and cultural lives are based on agriculture. Agriculture generates 66% labor opportunities to population and contributes to 33% GDP of Nepal. Though major human resource that are involved in agricultural works have traditional knowledge, they lack the knowledge and practice of modern technology developed. As technology have evolved, new generation of young people are struggling to mark their presence in agriculture sector. Therefore, in the current scenario of agricultural economy modernization in agriculture is essential to replace the traditional agricultural practices.

In 21st century the rapid development of technology innovation from drones to satellite images and sensor technology in agriculture sector, the agriculture industry, and small-scale holders’ farming are changing in a remarkable way. The modernization of Agriculture and technology have created new concepts in agriculture science such as Precision Agriculture, Smart Farming and Digital Farming. The main purpose of these new concepts is to adapt the modern farming management system using the latest digital techniques to monitor and optimize the agriculture production process.

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Project Area

The project area is located at Bageshwori, Changunaran municipality ward number 7 which is at the eastern part of the Kathmandu Valley. The land area of about 30 hectares is owned by the members of the Balmukheswor Agriculture Cooperative Limited. With the objective to develop community's economy based on agriculture, the cooperative was established in 2013. The community has round 1000 population whose major source of income is agriculture. Wheat and Paddy were grown as major field crops in the area and in current time the farmers are more interested temporary cash crops such as tomato, cucumber, potato, cauliflower, spinach and other vegetables. These agricultural products are sold in nearby Kamalbinayak market as well as in the vegetable market in Kalimati, located in Kathmandu, which is the hub of agricultural products. During the rainy season the land gets more than enough irrigation from two brooks namely Mahadev Khola and Dasmure Khola that separates the projected area from other land geographically too. However, they have difficulty in managing water during the dry season.

Currently some of the community members, usually new generation, have started to adapt agriculture professionally, however as they are all dependent upon traditional methods which have high input cost. Thus, they are not getting enough economic benefit from it. The impact of this is that most are diverting to other professions rather than agriculture.


Objective of the project

  • To make agricultural occupation as a respective profession.
  • To attract young generation in agricultural profession.
  • To improve the skills and competencies of farmers in agricultural sector by introducing capacity building program in new generation technology to make smarter decisions, reduce cost and boost production.
  • To increase crop production effectively and efficiently thus contributing to the economic growth of the community and country.
  • To generate efficient labors in agriculture labor market.



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